The word “plumber” dates from the Roman Empire.


In Roman times lead was known as plumbum in Latin (hence the abbreviation of ‘Pb’ for lead on the periodic table of the elements).


Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes and some were also covered with lead, lead was also used for piping and for making baths.


In medieval times anyone who worked with lead was referred to as a plumber as can be seen from an extract of workmen fixing a roof in Westminster Palace and were referred to as plumbers “To Gilbert de Westminster, plumber, working about the roof of the pantry of the little hall, covering it with lead, and about various defects in the roof of the little hall.


Thus a person with expertise in working with lead was first known as a Plumbarius which was later shortened to plumber.


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Plumbing is the system of pipes, drains fittings, valves, valve assemblies, and devices installed in a building for the distribution of

water for drinking, heating and washing, the removal of waterborne wastes,

and the skilled trade of working with pipes, tubing and plumbing fixtures in such systems.


A plumber is someone who installs or repairs piping systems, plumbing fixtures and equipment such as water heaters. The plumbing industry is a basic and substantial part of every developed economy due to the need for clean water, and proper collection and transport of wastes.


The word “plumbing” comes from the Latin plumbum for lead, as pipes were once made from lead.


If you need a plumber in a hurry you will need an emergency plumber to attend.


Plumbing is usually distinguished from water supply and sewage systems, in that a plumbing system serves one building, while water and sewage systems serve a group of buildings.


Plumbing Components

In addition to lengths of pipe or tubing, pipe fittings are used in plumbing systems, such as valves, elbows, tees, and unions.

Pipes and fittings are held in place with pipe hangers and strapping.


Plumbing fixtures are exchangeable devices using water that can be connected to a building’s plumbing system.


They are considered to be “fixtures”, in that they are semi-permanent parts of buildings, not usually owned or maintained separately.


Plumbing fixtures are seen by and designed for the end-users.


Some examples of fixtures include water closets (also known as toilets), urinals, bidets, showers, bathtubs, utility and kitchen sinks, drinking fountains, ice makers, humidifiers, air washers, fountains, and eye wash stations.


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